日本視覚学会2016夏季大会

プログラム

2016年夏季大会プログラムPDF 2016年夏季大会抄録集PDF



特別講演

■ Visual-tactile perception in the first year of life: The developmental origins of body representations and embodied perception of the environment

8月18日(木)15:00〜16:00

Andrew J. Bremner

Department of Psychology, Goldsmiths University of London, U.K.
http://www.gold.ac.uk/psychology/staff/bremner/

Abstract
How we come to perceive a coherent world across touch and vision has been a matter of great interest since Molyneux’s famous question to Locke over 300 years ago. And yet, experimental research investigating the development of visual-tactile crossmodal links has been largely restricted (like Molyneux) to the question of how we come to recognise objects across different senses. Tactile-visual perception also plays a role in what seems to me to be a much more fundamental ability - that of perceiving and comprehending external space in a coherent way across the senses. In this talk I will lay out a range of studies conducted by my lab which have addressed how human infants come to perceive the relationship between sensory cues concerning their bodies (tactile cues), and their external spatial environments (visual cues). We have found evidence of abilities to perceive the co-location of synchronous visual and tactile events early in postnatal life, but this is qualified by significant developmental changes in the ability to locate isolated tactile cues in the visual environment. Overall, our findings indicate that early in the first year of life infants perceive the relationship between their bodies and the external environment in a very different fashion to the way we do as adults.


■ Attentional landscapes for the preparation of eye movements, manual reaching and grasping

8月19日(金)11:10〜12:10

Heiner Deubel

Department of Psychology, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Germany
http://www.psy.lmu.de/exp/people/prof/deubel/index.html

Abstract
In recent years, evidence has accumulated that intentional movements are preceded by covert shifts of visual attention to the movement target. I will review experimental evidence in favour of this claim for goal-directed eye and hand movements, and will then discuss recent studies that extend these findings to the covert processing occurring when more complex sensorimotor tasks are planned, such as movement sequences and coordinated eye-hand movements. Our results demonstrate that the preparation of these actions establishes multiple foci of attention which reflect the spatial–temporal requirements of the intended motor task. Thus, it seems that the planning of a complex movement enacts the formation of a flexible “attentional landscape” which tags all those locations in the visual lay-out that are relevant for the impending action.



大会企画シンポジウム

■ 顔認知の個人差と文化差

8月17日(水)15:00〜17:00

田中章浩(東京女子大学): 顔と声による感情認知の文化差
高橋康介(中京大学): 表情認知の文化差 ー(・∀・)は笑顔か?ー
松吉大輔(早稲田大学): 顔アイデンティティ認識の個人差と平均特性
中村航洋(慶應義塾大学): 顔魅力知覚の普遍性と個人差 ー顔魅力の知覚メカニズムを探るー

コメンテーター:山口真美(中央大学)・渡邊克巳(早稲田大学)

要旨
ヒトの視覚情報処理は、進化の過程の中で培われた機能と個体が生まれてから学習・順応した機能の複雑なインタラクションの結果である。近年、比較的普遍的と考えられてきた顔の認知において、明らかな個人差や文化差が見られることが示されるようになってきた。本シンポジウムでは、顔からの感情・表情・アイデンティティ・魅力の知覚や認知に関して、精力的に研究を行っている若手・中堅の研究者に話題提供をしてもらい、コメンテーターや会場からのコメントを取り入れた形での積極的な議論の場としたい。