Chapter 1

Learning to Surf: Structuring, Negotiating and Owning Autonomy

Tim Murphey

Dokkyo University

Looking at four resonant interconnections between the anthology and group dynamics, this chapter proposes a co-constructed developmental view of autonomy. It seeks to show how autonomy development can dynamically change, is socially produced, develops in specific situations, and is related to both teacher and student development. Strangely enough, autonomy develops its greatest resilience in groups--groups that offer support, security, and ample modeling opportunities.